Culture of the word, 2018, № 89
Candidate of Philology, Senior Research Fellow, Deputy Director for Science
Ivan Krypiakevych Institute of Ukrainian Studies of the National Academy of Sciences
4 Kozelnytska St., Lviv 79060, Ukraine
Heading: Dialect. Speech. Subdialect
Abstract: Lviv region is a unique dialect space. There are four dialects of the South-Western dialect of the Ukrainian language, namely, Dniester dialects, Sian dialects, Bojkian dialects, and South Volhynian dialects. The peculiarities of the study of these dialects, the underlying theoretical works, the achievements of lexicography and linguogeography analysed in the article.
The problem of division of the dialects is one of the most important in dialectology. It connected with the absence of a sharp transition between the adjacent dialects. There are transition zones (so-called “vibrations zones”, “interference zones”, “contact zone”) of the dialects.
The hypothesis of the dialectologists for the delineation of the dialect boundaries and the conventional dialect boundaries, including zones of transition south-western dialect, were summarised in the article.
The source materials were the particular dialectological study (in works by S. Bevzenko, V. Hantsov, K. Dejna, F. Zhylko, I. Zilynskyj, L. Kots-Hryhorchuk, I. Matvijas, I. Pankevych, J. Rieger, Ya. Rudnyckyj, H. Shylo, linguistic atlases – fundamental common dialects “An Atlas of the Ukrainian Language”, regional atlases – “An Atlas of the Bojkian Dialect”, “An Atlas of the Ukrainian Dialects of Nadsiannia Region” by J. Rieger, etc.). Based on existing studies analysed dialects, as well as modern records dialect speech by the N.Khibeba, L.Khomchak, V.Shelmekh (Riznyk), T.Yastremska and others. The changes in the definition of dialectal boundaries also discovered. The dialect boundaries of the dialects demonstrated on the schematic linguistic (resp. dialect) map.
The goal of this research is to analyse the problem of division of the south-western dialects of Ukrainian and to suggest own vision of this question. The hypothesis about dialect borders, of course, need more clarifications and additions. It is necessary to research the systems of the different linguistic levels and to construct the dialect maps of transitional dialects and transitional zones.
Key words: south-western dialect, dialect, dialect boundaries, transitional dialectі, transitionalzones, linguistic map.
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