Culture of the word, 2018, № 89
Candidate of Philological Sciences, Senior Lecturer Ukrainian Language Department Vasyl Karazin Kharkiv National University
Heading: From the history of culture and literature
Abstract: The article analyzes the structural-semantic and functional peculiarities of the religious vocabulary of the Ukrainian-language linguistic picture of the world. Words with religious semantics recorded in the “Dictionary of the Ukrainian language of the XVI – first half of the XVII centuries” were used as the material for the study. As a result of the analysis, it was found that God-centeredness plays a decisive role among the basic characteristics of the ancient Ukrainian’s worldview, which found expression in the polysemy of religious vocabulary, special paradigmatic relations of words with religious semantics, branched word-building nests of lexemes. The polysemy of words is often marked by stereoscopic, which is manifested in the expression of direct, profane and figurative, sacral meanings. This indicates the presence of other lexico-semantic groups, including military vocabulary, religious semantics in lexemes. The religious-Christian picture of the world also predetermines a clear paradigmatic and syntagmatic determination of religious vocabulary, which determines synonymous and antonymic relations of lexemes that are not synonymous or antonyms outside of Christian discourse. A characteristic feature of the Old Ukrainian language picture of the world is the transfer of the names of spatial concepts to the concept of church and religious life. At the same time, one can observe the contamination of the religious model of the world with the mythological one, which is embodied with the help of universal binary oppositions. One of the distinguishing features of the linguistic picture of the world of the ancient Ukrainians is the popular reception of religious-Christian ideas, as evidenced by the use of mythologically marked vocabulary in religious discourse. Phenomena of the religious-Christian sphere are often called with the help of lexemes to denote specific material objects which emphasizes the predominance of the spiritual, spiritual above the physical, material. This perfectly fits into the axiological coordinates of the Christian picture of the world, for which the highest value is God and the kingdom of heaven. Religious vocabulary is the basic factor in the formation of the Ukrainian language picture of the world of ХVІ – the first half of the XVII century, since it defines spatial coordinates, the place of man and God in the world, the role of the church in society and human life.
Key words: religious vocabulary, old-Ukrainian language picture of the world, religious consciousness, book-written language, God, church, Christianity.
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