Doctor of Philological Sciences, professor, Department of Philological, Ferenc Rákóczi II. Transcarpathian Hungarian Institute, Kossuth square, 6, Beregszász, Transcarpathia, 90200, Ukraine
Heading: the language of poetry: reverberation of generations
Metaphors of nature are very important in the works of Ukrainian poets M. Rylskyi and L. Kostenko. Metaphors of nature are a means of expressing key artistic ideas and a marker of individual style, and an indicator of the dynamics of figurative language. For M. Rylskyi and L. Kostenko, nature is a source of inspiration and an object of poetic image. Through the metaphorization of the concepts of nature, the authors realize a wide range of ideas about the eternal problems of mankind.
Most often metaphorical expression in the poetic texts of M. Rylskyi and L. Kostenko have traditional for the lyrics images of the seasons (autumn, spring, summer, winter), flora (forest, individual trees (willow, oak), atmospheric phenomena, rain, snow, fog, wind), parts of the day (evening), reservoirs (river). A separate subject of metaphorization is nature, the world as a whole. Most of these metaphors profile the beauty and perfection of nature, but often have the semantics of time, memory, recollection, will, freedom.
Metaphors of nature in the poetic texts of M. Rylskyi and L. Kostenko are characterized by a synthesis of intellectualism and emotionality. In the poetic texts of artists, they contribute to the realization of the author’s intentions and at the same time preserve the connection with tradition and show signs of a particular artistic style (romanticism, classicism, realism). Metaphors of nature evolve with the development of language creativity of artists, which is manifested in the associative and semantic-grammatical complication of the structure and expansion of the functions of these metaphors.
Keywords: metaphor of nature, poetic text, concept, individual style, dynamics of language creation.
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