Doctor of Philology, Professor, Leading researcher of the Department of Stylistics, Culture of the Language and Sociolinguistics Institute of the Ukrainian Language of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 4 Hrushevskyi St., Kyiv 01001, Ukraine;
Heading: the language of poetry: reverberation of generations
The article offers an analysis of one of the expressive markers of the language of social works of B. Humeniuk “Poems from the war”. Stylistic functions, structural and semantic properties of epithets are outlined. The connection between lyrical and epic epithets and the form of poems – verlibr – is noted. The functional load of epithets in correlation with linguistic-stylistic categories actualization, intimation, subjectivization, publicism, epicness, lyricism is traced.
The role of epithets as actualizers of emotional assessments, concrete-sensory associations (color, size, smell of realities, mental state, mood, worldview of a lyrical hero) in readers is established. Emphasis is placed on militarized epithet with destructive semantics of meanings. The individual-author features of actualization of epithets-coloratives (black, red, white, green, blue, yellow) are emphasized. A specific group of epic, more typical of colloquial language, epithets-pronoun adjectives, which enhance the subjectivity of the poetic context.
The originality of the epithetics of B. Humeniuk’s verlibr verse is characterized. In particular, the key proper epithet phrases with the direct meaning of adjectives and metaphorical epithets are singled out; two-syllable noun-adjective epithets, epithets as a part of an adjective inversion, epithets as a part of comparison, a paraphrase are distinguished.
The correlation of the epithet “Poems from War” with the archetypal cognitive structures – the concepts of War, Warrior, Death, Life, Man, Nature – is traced.
Keywords: language of poetry, actualization, subjectivity, intimacy, epithet, metaphorical epithet, epithet-colorative, comparative epithet, military lexicon, military rhetoric.
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